St John’s Day in Estonia is a national public holiday every 24 June. It is a holiday related to the summer solstice, being held a few days after the solstice takes place. It is also the oldest celebration still marked in Estonia. It pre-dates Christianity in the region and has pagan roots in fertility and farming rituals.
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St. John’s Day today is a celebration that blends with the modern Victory Day celebration held the day before it on 23 June. Thus, the feasting, dancing, bonfires and other activities often carry multiple meanings related to midsummer and Estonia’s independence from Russian (and later, Soviet) control.